Software is a term that describes what a program is, and will tell the computer what the program is designed to do. There are a few different types of computer software, but the most common types are application, system and programming.
All the operations that the computer performs are run on one some application of computer software. These applications allow the computer to perform the required operation. Even playing a computer game, is considered a function by the computer. Which ever application you do use, you are using a piece of software to run it and perform a certain operation, this can include everything from business related software, to educational, to scientific programs, and even medical.
A company can use software to help with their everyday operations of running a business. These tasks can include: customer service, spreadsheets, payroll, accounts receivable, data base, and inventory management. These can all be done with certain pieces of software. There are several companies that will use and even buy computer software to help teach some of their employees in learning a second language to increase their knowledge, and improve their work skills especially if they work with people from different nationalities.
Software can also be used in hospitals, to run monitoring equipment. Researches may use modeling programs in an experiment to test out a theory. The industry of computer software will continue to grow over the next couple of years. There are many software companies, in all parts of the world, and there are just as many different programmers working to make the industry even larger. Many job seekers have realized how extensive the growth and the importance of software is, and the rate in which it is expanding. It is no wonder, that there are many people who are trying to get into this field in one form or another, as they know they will get a lot from it in return.
In 1935, English mathematician Alan Turing proposed the first known theory about software in his essay ‘Computable numbers with an application to the Entscheidungs problem (Decision problem)’. The actual ‘software’ term was first used and printed by statistician John W. Turkey in 1958. It was used in computer science and software engineering studies to refer the information processed by a computer system, computer programs and their data.
The most popular historical trace of the first outputs of computer software is found in the first software bug found in computer systems in 1946. Later, in 1970, the term ‘Moore’s law’ was coined to explain the basic elements of a computing system, where the first element was computer software, which then joined the devices in computer hardware.
Computer software was originally offered in conjunction with hardware by Original equipment manufacturers (OEMs). Popular OEMs of the time were Data General, Digital Equipment and IBM. Since computer hardware companies originally bundled their software, they were not able to claim the software as an asset. Data Gen then introduced Data General Nova, and the company Digidyne pursued Data General Nova for its RDOS operating system for its own hardware clone. Data General refused to license their software and subsequently claimed ‘bundling rights’. This set a distinct precedent in the history of software – in 1985 The Supreme Court, with Digidyne v. Data General, ruled that Data Gen must license their operating system software because restricting the license was an illegal tying arrangement. This decision increased the value of software, making it possible to purchase computer software patents. Data General was eventually taken over by EMC Corporation. Then, in 1986, IBM released Disk Operating System (DOS) for free, and Microsoft was created.
Widely known visionaries Steve Jobs (Apple) and Bill Gates (Microsoft) took advantage of software development ideas long before they started their own businesses in the 1980’s and have since created multi-billion dollar corporations with their multitudes of software offerings.
With computer technology improving and changing every day, computer software training is considered to be a necessity rather than an option today. However it become quite difficult to determine which skills you may need to learn in order to keep yourself in step with the ever-changing computer technology as there are numerous companies offering software training.
The easiest way to locate the type of software you need is to conduct a search online. Just type ‘computer software training’ into Google and your query will provide you with a list of software providers that sell computer training material. Simply look through the software packages available until you find the type of training you are looking for. By purchasing the software you need you can learn the material step-by-step on your computer at your own pace. Most of the large computer software course providers offer training that is taught by industry experts. You can realistically master hundreds of applications through this type of training without having to read books or attend expensive training courses in person.
Computer training software is the number one training method in use today as it provides you with detailed, methodical instructions that are easy to grasp and follow. You can expect to receive an equivalent of three to five days’ worth of classroom training on one or two typical software programs that usually consists of video training that is actually interesting to watch and learn from. You are allowed to skip to and from topics, re-wind, pause and fast-forward so that you can learn what you want to learn and at your own pace.
Regardless of what it is you want to learn, be it graphics and page layout, internet and web design, animation, business applications, multi-media, programming or operating systems you are sure to find exactly the right software training you need. It is always a good idea to read past customer reviews when they are offered by a software provider online and also to see what type of a guarantee exists in case you are unhappy with the software training you purchase.
Even young children can learn how to use a computer at home as there are numerous computer training software programs designed for kids. Even though children are taught in schools to use computers from an early age, any child could benefit from learning even more at home. It is advantageous to encourage children to learn all they can about computers because they will undoubtedly be using computers routinely in most aspects of their lives as they get older.
Software licenses govern the use and distribution of computer software. Software is usually protected by copyright, with the exception of public domain software.
There are generally three types of computer software licenses: proprietary licenses, free licenses and open source licenses. Proprietary licenses grants the use of the software to the end user yet maintaining ownership of the software. Free software licenses grant, by default, all rights according to copyright law to the software copy’s owner yet still maintain the copyright to the software itself. Open source licenses grant permissive licenses, which offers the user freedom to use it in almost any way they please, including modifications or reverse engineering.
When proprietary computer software is purchased, licensing is often an essential contracting term of agreement between the publisher and the user of the software. This contract is often referred to as the End User License Agreement (EULA).
Computer software licensing protects its copyright. For example, for proprietary, licensing prevents the user from duplicating the software (other than for backup purposes), installing it on multiple computers, editing the code, or significantly modifying the program. Licenses may also make statements that attempt to prevent pirating by restricting reverse engineering.
In addition, computer software licensing is used as a disclaimer. The majority of EULA contracts state that the software publisher will not hold liability for any unforeseen circumstances that may arise from the use of the software, including data loss, time or usage, or computer breakdowns.
Most software licensing agreements are embedded into the software itself and can be accepted or declined during installation. Should the EULA be declined, the computer software installation is aborted. However, some publishers hold the agreement that once the software’s outer casing has been broken, the end user automatically accepts the license. This has been highly debated in courts to various measures, with the argument that a user does not have the ability to review the EULA until the product has been opened. However, in certain cases where an open product is not returnable, the agreement has been known to be forced upon the user by some courts.