Computer Software Category

What is a computer software category? There are three types, or categories, of computer software:

  • Application software
  • System software
  • Programming software / Middleware

Application software is what most people think of when they think of software. It is a program or set of programs that fulfills a business requirement, such as Word processors, Excel, payroll software, computer games, graphics and music.

System software is any computer software which manages and controls computer hardware so that application software can perform a task that enable the end-user to perform specific, productive tasks, such as operating systems.

Programming software, or middleware, usually provides tools to assist a developer in writing computer programs in a more convenient way. The tools include text editors, compilers, interpreters, linkers, debuggers, etc.

Application software is a subclass of computer software that employs the capabilities of a computer directly and thoroughly to a task that the user wishes to perform. This should be contrasted with system software which is involved in integrating a computer’s various capabilities.

Typically the software does not directly apply them in the performance of tasks that benefit the user. In this context the term application refers to both the application software and its implementation. Multiple applications bundled together as a package are sometimes referred to as an application suite.

Microsoft Office, OpenOffice.org, and iWork 08, which bundle together a word processor, a spreadsheet, and several other discrete applications, are typical examples. The separate applications in a suite usually have a user interface that has some commonality making it easier for the user to learn and use each application.

Often they may have some capability to interact with each other in ways beneficial to the user. For example, a spreadsheet might be able to be embedded in a word processor document even though it had been created in the separate spreadsheet application.

User-written software tailors systems to meet the user’s specific needs. User-written software include spreadsheet templates, word processor macros, scientific simulations, graphics and animation scripts. Even email filters are a kind of user software. Users create this software themselves and often overlook how important it is.

In some types of embedded systems, the application software and the operating system software may be indistinguishable to the user, as in the case of software used to control a VCR, DVD player or microwave oven. It is important to note that this definition may exclude some applications that may exist on some computers in large organizations.

Types of Computer Software

Software can simply be defined as the coded instructions that are sent to the computer, which when received by the computer, carries out the tasks the user desires. The commands govern the operation of the computer and all the programs that run on the computer at a given time. Every program installed on your computer is made up of some coded material. This is what the computer reads and carries out the commands required of it during the utilization of the program. The types of computer software can be categorized into three:

1. System software

Also referred to as operating system, it is the software used by the computer to convert and translate inputs from different sources into a machine language. It is the task of an OS to organize the hardware components of a computer. It is also the System software offers a shield of protection to all the other software applications. With the OS, support is also provided to the physical components of computers. Many Os exist in the market. The windows operating system is one that has made a lot of wave in the system software industry. Other operating systems also abound. Among these is UNIX, which is used for large office setups with powerful networks. We also have HP -UX and AIX, used by HP computers. Apache OS is also popular especially with web servers.

2. Application software:

Application software are the most commonly known and used types of computer software. Application software covers almost all the day-to -day activities done with the computer. Some examples of application software are the Microsoft office suite which includes Word, Excel, publisher and PowerPoint. Many people extensively use these applications. With Internet explorer, Netscape and Mozilla Firefox, people gain access to access the internet. Outlook express is software used for email management. One characteristic of the application software is the user interfaces.

3. Programming language software:

These types of computer software are exclusively used by computer programmers. A programming language is a set instructions used for creating application software and operating system. Basic tools used by the programming software are Compilers, interpreters, linkers and text editors. Examples of this kind of software are C++, Simlab and Java. Java is a programming language for internet applications. Most professional program developers use the C++ language. The program can also be used in developing operating systems. PHP is another language used for internet applications. A new class of languages now exists for the mobile devices. These are light weight languages used for designing mobile applications.

All Computer software works with a programming language. The process runs like a chain reaction. The chain is initiated by transferring the command. The computer software now generates the Machine code which ends the whole process.

Advances in Computer Software

The computer software world has come a long way since the first simple personal computers rolled off assembly lines in the late 70’s. Thanks to dedicated software developers, there have been vast improvements to the performance, function and usability of computers today. Every year, there are major developments that lead to faster software and hardware applications that improve the performance of computers for personal and business users. Just in the last decade, more people than ever are using computers to perform basic functions of their jobs and lives. The future holds many more new advances. So what are the top five advances in computer software just in the last few years that stand out in the history of computers?

Data storage and processing

Over just the last ten years, there has been a huge improvement in the amount of data that personal computers can store and process at once. When a 256 MB system used to be state of the art in computer memory, now we are lucky to have computers managing over 30 GB routinely. Thanks to the development of Microsoft Windows, computers can easily handle multiple applications running all at once. And there are many options in the storage of data, whether it is backup software, external drives or web-based storage ability – we can manage much more data than ever before thanks to these developments.

Internet applications

With the birth of the World Wide Web in the 90’s, human beings became more connected to the rest of the world than ever before. And we couldn’t have done this without software applications like Internet Explorer or Netscape to provide browsers that we use to “surf” the Net. Then came instant messaging and telephony applications that allowed us to talk with people in real time. As we move into the future, we will be even more connected via use of mobile devices like cell phones, texting units and GPS systems.

Entertainment

When personal computers came out, they were very clunky, albeit they included some entertainment value in the form of simple programs and games. Some could even be programmed to chime little tunes. But now, thanks to the plethora of entertainment applications, we can set up our home computers to link to our home television and music systems to enjoy a total entertainment experience. And if we want to take our entertainment with us, we have Mp3 devices to carry music and videos with us thanks to software development in that area.

Gaming industry

Just in the last ten years, the advances in the gaming industry have been tremendous. Now there are realistic virtual reality video and computer game software that creates a fully interactive experience for players. Thanks to software advances, gamers are taking their playing to the next level, competing against other players around the world in real time.

Basics of Computer Software?

Computer software is something created by programmers using a language called html. It is vital to the operation of your computer and to the things that you want to do with it everyday. In comparison to computer hardware; the software is what runs on the computer hardware. It runs to protect computer networks and systems. It also is created to tell the binary of the computer what is should do. The software is basically a program which is made up of forms and roles that are in essence digitally stored data, it might be used as code for a CPU or sometimes it represents other types of information. What makes your computer useful, is the computer software category.

Software

It is created with programming language and utilities; they come in several different forms. Depending upon your needs software can help your small business correspond with your customers. It can keep track of inventory and even answer the phone and process orders as needed. Defining software is not easy because it is “virtual” if you like, not physical as is the case with computer hardware. There are different types of software that we would use, one may allow a main task to be carried out, for example; a program designed to edit photos, would be application software. In comparison software that is referred to as complex, will multi-task many things at the same time which help run the computer system an example would be an operating system. Maintenance is a significant part of any software system. To sum it up, software is a term used for digitally stored data or computer programs.

Downloading

One of the easiest ways to get the software you need is to download it. You can download in two ways, from a disc or from a site where the software is offered. These downloads will allow you to click the button where instructed to “Download”, click on run, and then you will need to go through the prompts, sometimes called an installation wizard, and you can get your software all without a disc. If important information is given to you during this process and you are instructed to keep it for future reference, it is well advised that you do so. You may not be able to access your new software without a user name and password. So be very careful to keep this information when prompted. Some applications will also simply run when clicked on. You must also be careful what you download and that it is from a safe site and a trusted vendor. Malicious software like viruses can be downloaded into your computer and steal personal information and freeze up your computer and make it inoperable. Many downloads come in what is called a zip file and need to be extracted. Most Windows programs have extractors but if you do not there are free ones the one I use is 7zip and it is free.

Copyright protection will extend only to expressions, not to the ideas, procedures, method of operation or mathematical concepts as such as they are. There is a patent that is an exclusive right granted for an invention, which is a product or a process that provides a new way of doing something, or offers a new technical solution to a problem. That sounds very technical, so I feel it is best not to copy or distribute any software that is not your own. It should just be a rule that you should follow completely.

Simple Understanding of Computer

Application Software branches off from Computer Software. This Software is recognized as just software and can be divided into two different classes, Systems and Application software. Systems is made up of basic level programs that function with the computer. These functions are comprised of compilers, operating systems, linkers, device drivers, programming tools, assemblers, and requirements for overseeing computer resources. When contrasted, application software allows the user to perform specific and productive task, while systems software manages and controls computer hardware so that the applications can perform its task and it can not run without the function of the operating system and overseeing of computer resources. Systems software places text onto a display device and transfers data from memory to disk. Examples of operating systems are Microsoft Windows, Mac OS X, or Linux.

There are seven different types of Application Software but they can be categorized in more than one different way. The first type is Internet, we know it as the Browser. It is the main Software that allows us to meet all of our online needs. Others include torrents and FTP clients accompanied by other programs that allow you to access data online. The second type is called Productivity software and it includes word processors, spreadsheet programs, and database programs. Productivity can also include communications and graphics software. Next in line we have Communication software. It allows you to communicate with other individuals online through email, chat, and other programs.

The fourth type is Graphics application Software. This software allows you to view and edit image files. It also includes advanced options like G.I.M.P or Photoshop for people who have a career in photography and graphic design. The fifth type of application software is called Multimedia Software. Some of the well known are: Windows Media players, VLC players, GOM, winamp, and iTunes. This software allows your computer to play back, create and edit audio and videofiles.

The sixth type is called Games. This application barely reaches the minimum of a computer’s gaming capability. Normally your games come with your computer and usually are fun. These games are Hearts, Solitaire, Spider Solitaire, Purble Place, Minesweeper, Chess Titans, FreeCell, and InkBall. The last of the seven types is called Utilities Software. The includes software that removes unnecessary files from your hard drive, allowing you to manage system software and manage your computer’s resources.Being that technology has become a very important way in which we live, we should understand how computers work.

You Should Know to Save on Computer Software

Do you want to get quality software at a reasonable price? Whether you work at home or just need good software for your personal computer, you are faced with an almost endless selection of computer software. Sorting through the options can sometimes be a major task. However, if you want to get good, quality software there are several things that you can do that will save you money and headaches.

With the arrival of online marketing, you have more choices than ever. There are a large number of reputable software companies that sell software at significant savings. With a little homework and thought on your part, you can get good quality software that will accomplish your specific task.
In order to save both time and money on computer software, here is a list of twelve things you should do.

1. First, make sure you know as closely as possible the exact task you want your software to accomplish. The more specific you are the better. For example, do you want a very general word processing program to write occasional letters or a more sophisticated word processing software program to run the marketing for your business?

2. Check out the minimum requirements necessary to run the software. You want to make sure it will run on your computer equipment. You should find out how much memory the program takes, what operating systems it will run on and how much disk space is required. Is there any other computer accessory required to use the software?

3. Talk to friends and associates that have used the specific type of software you’re searching for. Ask them where they got the software, how much they paid, how long they’ve used the program, what type of guarantee came with the program, etc. If you have a task, which involves a deadline, like a payroll program, ask them how they were able to get answers to their questions and how long did it take.

4. Search the Internet for reviews on the software. Look at user groups or bulletin boards to see what users are saying about the software. For example, if you’re looking at the QuickBooks business program, type in “QuickBooks Software Review” to locate review information about the program.

5. You should always test the software program before you purchase it. Many reputable companies will allow you to download their software and test it out before you buy. Take advantage of the opportunity to test the program. Enter some data, print some reports, and give the program a real workout. Try as many options as possible. Don’t always follow set procedures. Try to experiment on your own. You want to know what the software does in a real world setting. You want to know what happens when you make a mistake.

6. If the software provides support, you should think of a question about the program that may not be too obvious and ask support for help. You’re much better off to try out support before you truly need help than to wait until you’re in a “must have help” situation. See how long it takes to get an answer. Check out how clear the response is. Ask yourself, “Did this completely resolve the problem for me?”

7. Check out the software warranty and company guarantees. A software company that stands behind their program will usually guarantee their products for a specific period of time. You should get at least a 30-day money back guarantee after purchasing the product. A 90-180 day guarantee is better. Usually, the longer the product warranty, the better the software.

8. Find out how often the company provides updates to their software. Check out the cost for getting the updates. For example, many companies will include updates for a specific period of time with the purchase price of the software. Companies that actively listen to their users update their software. If a computer program has not been updated for a long time, you probably won’t get further updates.

9. If you get a “Freeware” software program, you need to know four things:
First, freeware is a software program that does not cost you any money. That means you will not be able to receive support from the author. You are basically on your own. Sometimes that is good. However, if you have a time sensitive task and run into a software problem, free software may not be your best option. If you miss a deadline and have to pay a penalty of some type, that free software isn’t so cheap after all.

Second, many times freeware is an “introductory” version of a program. That means you may still have to pay for the “complete” program or the ability to use all the program options.

Third, if there is no charge for a program, the program may include software options that gather information about you, your computer, your surfing habits, etc. and then return this information to the company via the Internet. This is sometimes referred to as “Spyware” and can cause some real problems with your computer. When you use a program to eliminate the spyware on your computer, your “free” software program may no longer work.

Finally, if you are fairly computer literate, have no specific deadlines and know that a freeware program does not contain spyware, then, a freeware computer program can be a great bargain.

10. If you get a “Shareware” software program you need to know three things: First, shareware is a software program that lets you try it out before you buy it. The author is “sharing” the program with you. If the computer shareware program does what you want it to do, then the author expects you to pay for it.

Many shareware programs allow you to use the program for a set period of time. After that period of time, the program (or at least some of the program options) will not continue to work. Don’t make the mistake of entering a lot of important data and then decide you “don’t want to pay” for the program. You could be left high and dry.

Finally, some shareware programs will continue to operate regardless of how long you use them. If you come to rely on a shareware computer program, it is wise to pay the author the nominal fee they usually request. This will help the author continue to develop and enhance the program. Besides, you’ll probably get support and help from the author if you need it.

11. Beware of companies that send you unsolicited emails offering “name brand” computer software at huge discounts. These are often overseas companies selling “illegal” software. You will not get support, but you could get a letter from the company’s lawyer telling you that you’re using a pirated copy of their software. Some people have even reported giving their credit card information to purchase these “great bargains” only to learn weeks later, they had paid for software they never got.

12. Last but not least, always order your computer software from a reputable online company. You’ll experience the best service, the best warranty and the best computer products available.

How is Computer Software Different?

Software, on a broader perspective, refers to any electronic media content. The term computer software is a term used to refer to computer programs, procedures, and documentation that perform specific tasks on a computer system. This term is also used to describe application software or productivity software, system software such as computer operating systems, and middleware – software that manages and coordinates distributed systems.

Computer software is may be viewed as the language of computers. There is a wide variety of software available and these are categorized into three different types: system software, application software, and programming software.

System software runs the computer system including all the hardware devices contained within the system. This software is used by the computer to interpret input from external sources into something a machine can understand. Software works with the computer’s hardware components and includes the computer’s operating system, diagnostic tools, device drivers, utilities and more. One may automatically think of computer operating systems when the words software system are mentioned – operating systems run the computer. The most popular operating systems today are those manufactured by Microsoft. Other competing operating systems are open source OSs such as Linux and Unix.

Programming Software provides tools that assist programmers in creating computer software and programs. These software tools use different programming languages and include text editors, interpreters, compilers, linkers, and debuggers. All these tools are merged into a software bundle through an integrated development environment or IDE. These IDEs have a graphical user interface that makes programming easier by eliminating the need for programmers to type in numerous commands in order to compile, interpret, debug, trace, and perform other tasks on their code.

Application software provides a way for computer users to complete specific tasks. Common applications include medical software, databases, computer games, industrial automation, educational, and business software programs. The different types of application software may be further subdivided into productivity software – also known as tools, this includes programs that may be used to produce spreadsheets, documents, databases and other products. The most commonly used productivity software is MS Office from Microsoft; educational software – includes programs that provide an alternative method to teaching. This includes drill and practice programs, problem solving programs, tutorials, presentation programs, and references; multimedia – generally includes any software program that is used to view or edit pictures, sound clips, video clips, graphics and other related content; and games – as the name suggests, games are computer programs mainly used as a manner of entertainment.

Computer Software Can Help In Enhancing

Most of us consider computer to be one of our most important investment. In fact, most of the jobs these days are dependent on computers. Therefore, it becomes essential to give utmost care to the maintenance of your computer system. For this, the most important thing is to make your computer secure.

We have seen a constant rise in the number of cases where some people take advance of the Internet and due to this the online threats have increased to a great extent. There is a huge risk of your computer getting infecting. The best way to make your computer secure is to install one or more of the various computer security software that are available. All computer should always have some or the other security software installed in it which may include spyware scanning software, anti-virus software or a firewall.

Firewall is a software that protects the computer from the impact of hacking and malware. Malware actually are the malicious codes that cause harm to the computer. A firewall monitors all the traffic coming into your computer and in case of irregularities, block the program. But always take care to install a firewall that is easy to use.

Spyware scanning software is another security program that detects the programs that run in the background of the computer and gather private information stored in the computer. It slows down the computer and has to be removed. Some of the best known softwares for this are the Spy Sweeper and Adware. The anti-virus is the most important. It scans the files and check for any attributes that might be in virus or linked to it. Norton and McAfee are the best and most popular in this category.

These are some of the computer security software that can be installed on the computer. Always take care to choose the software that suits the configuration of your computer the best.

There are a number of cheap and used software and spyware scanning softwares available in the market to enhance the security of your computer. When you are installing one of these, you are tackling the security problem most cost effectively. Installation of the used computer software provides you the dual advantage. Firstly the price is significantly lower than the new software available and secondly it makes the door open for further modifications. With passage of time new innovations are added to the cyber world regularly. Installation of a used computer software means you have the option to replace it with an advanced version without a hesitation.

So when you are thinking to install software to enhance the security of your computer at an affordable choice, the used computer software appears as the most economic choice. Opt for this choice to have the reduction in expenditure and maximization of the security level.

Getting The Right Computer

Computer software is a vast term used to describe a collection of computer programmes, procedures and documentation that all perform tasks on a computer system. Computer software is the applications that we use on our computers such as office programmes and even windows itself. Computer software is any programme that we load onto and install on our computers.

Computer software is usually brought in CD format and is then installed onto our computers from this. Any new programmes etc that you buy for your computer can be classed as a form of software. Without software you wouldn’t get very far with the use of your computer.

When software is placed or opened on your computer it is loaded into the RAM and executed through the central processing unit (CPU) it is then available for you to use.

Software comes in three main types, the first being system software. This helps to run your computer hardware as well as your computer system. The second is programming software. This provides tools to assist programmers in writing computer programmes, such as text editors, compliers, interpreters and linkers. The last form of software is application software. This allows end users to accomplish one or more specific tasks. Typical applications include industrial, business, educational, medical databases and computer games; businesses being the biggest users of application software.

There are many avenues in which you go approach in order to buy computer software such as you can buy it new from retail stores; however many people find it difficult to find the exact software that they need from a retail store and often turn to buying software online.

The Internet in itself is a bigger competitive market. You have more chance of finding what you need by using the Internet. This applies to the purchasing of computer software. There are many Internet sites that primarily focus on the selling of computer software giving you more of a chance of finding what you want as well as giving you more choice of brands and the power of a software. It can also be cheaper if you buy it online as there are a number of good deals around that will enable that you get the most for your money.

One good site that appears on the Internet is called kelkoo. This site is a price comparison site specifically for computer parts and software. Again this demonstrates that by using the Internet you are more likely to get a good deal on the software that you purchase. Also the Internet can sometimes give you the option of online downloads meaning that you can purchase and download your product at any time and from anywhere in the world.

Definition of Computer Software?

The term “software” is not a recently conceived of word. In his 1935 essay, ‘Computable Numbers with an Application to the Entscheidungs Problem,’ Alan Turing first proposed and provided the foundation for most modern software. In 1958, the first use of the term software was used by John W. Tukey in an article in American Mathematical Monthly.

Today, the the term ‘computer software’ means written programs, rules, or codes, along with related documentation regarding the operation of a computer system that is stored in read/write memory. The “soft” part of software refers to the many products and technologies developed using different methods such as programming languages and scripting languages. The term ‘software’ is broader and can include different types of devices such as the operation systems of modern consumer devices such as automobiles, televisions, toasters, etc.

Computer software is the job descriptions of what a computer can perform. It cannot be physically touched. For instance, most computers come with software already installed. Software is also available on CD where the user inserts the disk into the hard drive and follows the installation instructions.  As well, downloadable software is available on internet sites such as Microsoft. Computer software is basically a series of instructions that tells a computer how to do a particular job. For example, Microsoft Word is an example of computer software. As well, web page technologies such as HTML, PHP, ASP.NET, and XML are examples of computer software.

Computer software can be divided into two main categories: operating system software and application software.

Operating System (0/S): This system consists of the basic functions that computers perform. An example would be showing movement on a screen such as a mouse cursor was the user moves the mouse. Examples of operating systems include: windows vista, windows xp, Mac, Linux and Unix.

Application Software: These are applications that allow the computer to perform the job. Application software is used to accomplish precise tasks other than just running the computer system.  This can include voice, play or record music, view videos, play video games–etc. Other examples of application software include permitting access to the internet and printing documents. Application software is the software that indirectly interacts with the computer.

System Software is the software that can directly interact with computer hardware. Examples include motherboard, CPU, keyboard, Mouse, printer–etc. System software is responsible for controlling, integrating, and managing the individual hardware components of a computer system.

Computer software is composed of machine language which is essentially groups of binary code giving processor instructions that are specific to an individual processor. It is normally written in high-level programming languages and then interpreted into machine language code. Software can also be written in assembly language which is a mnemonic representation of a machine language using a natural language alphabet.