A Brief History Of The Electric Car

As interest in electric cars heightens, it could possibly appear that they are a new answer to ever-rising petroleum costs and environmental concerns, but in truth, the electric auto has a history that extends back to the 1800s.

Petroleum was challenging to come by in those years as well, merely because big reserves were but to be discovered. However, as both Europe and America experienced the growing pains related to urbanisation, private transportation became a focus of research and development.

The very first tiny model auto that was powered by an electric motor was the creation of nyos Jedlik, a Hungarian inventor in 1828. It was alot more of a novelty than anything else, as was the creation of a similar electric-powered auto by a Vermont blacksmith in 1834. But, because country roads had been sometimes barely passable at that time, auto makers were drawn to promote city vehicles that would not have to have to go fast or terribly far.

By 1900 there had been even more electric vehicles in Europe than petrol cars. London, New York and Paris boasted a lot more than 30,000 EVs, not counting electric taxis. The truth is, until 1900, the land speed record was held by an electric car. In those days, electric vehicles had been less noisy than combustion motor cars and undoubtedly cleaner to operate. They had been also even more efficient to operate. In case you could afford to give up the horse and carriage for a 4-wheeled vehicle, you were even more apt to opt for an electric 1 above a steam or petrol-powered version.

Throughout the earlier-1900s attitudes changed significantly and electric cars had been relegated to the hobbyists. Petrol became significantly less costly. Fords mass production approaches significantly reduced the price of production. The buy price of an electric car rose to four times that of a petrol vehicle. Moreover, in Good Britain and America alike, the emphasis switched from purely city driving to much broader travel. Huge road projects now connected towns and cities in a way that encouraged movement much farther than an electric vehicle could go and a lot quicker than an electric vehicle could move. New innovations in style created the petrol version even more desirable also.

Using the 60’s came a petroleum crisis, forcing auto providers to briefly take into consideration making compact prototypes with even more affordable prices. Yet, as soon as petrol costs relaxed as soon as even more, the public returned to wanting petrol-powered cars. This cycle of interest has been repeated within the 70’s and 80’s as both fuel concerns and environmental issues began to be extra unavoidable.

Regrettably, until recently, in most instances, auto manufacturers have sided with oil corporations and given only lip service to serious development of electronic vehicles that are practical and efficient to operate. Since 2000, it has develop into increasingly apparent that alter wants to take place. Europe has been much quicker than the US to realise the value of compact, electronically-driven cars. It really is estimated that the electric car may well account for as significantly as 20% of all UK vehicle sales by the year 2016.

In 2009, BMW tested 40 electric Mini E cars in the UK and 500 in the United States through lease agreements with private users. In 2010 the Nissan Leaf became the very first all-electric loved ones vehicle with zero harmful emissions, a 160 km range along with a 30-minute recharge time. Even though not all significant companies are surging ahead, preferring to focus on hybrids and hydrogen cars, many smaller car manufacturers have indicated a desire to ship their electric models into the UK along with other markets of the world.

The UK is ripe for such an infusion of EVs, especially as threats from OPEC to raise petroleum prices are in all probability accurate. The government is presently restructuring taxes to favor those who acquire an electric version. Just the thought of cutting down the levels of city smog is appealling. Slower speeds and shorter ranges are no issue for those living and working in urban centres. It would appear that the electric car, in spite of its spotted history, is lastly primed for centre stage.

Slimline Electric Storage Heatersradiators For Heating

Slim line electric storage heaters are increasingly being seen as a real alternative to gas and oil central heating systems. Find out more about slimline electric radiators, how they work and why they should be considered for a central heating system.

Inside a Slim Line Electric Heater

Unlike traditional hot water radiators, an storage radiator contains heat retaining material – usually a clay/ metal composite. This material is connected by a series of electric elements. When the elements are switched on, the clay material absorbs the heat and heats up

The heat retaining material is insulated and can retain the heat for approximately 15 hours, allowing the radiators to be charged during the night on a cheap electricity tariff and then release the heat the next day.

On the Outside

Modern design and materials have greatly increased the range of slimline electric radiators that are available today. Contemporary slim line radiators are usually finished with aluminium and are truly slim, with some being only 60mm deep.

They also come in a variety of dimensions making them ideal for fitting into existing rooms, such as the small spaces commonly found in conservatories, kitchens and bathrooms.

But many other designs are available, including traditional and classically styled multiple column designs constructed in cast iron. However, these do not have the ability to store heat and take advantage of cheap overnight electricity tariffs.

How are Electric Storage Radiators Controlled?

Electronic controls regulate the timing of when the heater stores and then releases the heat. Depending on the type of heater, different flaps and vents allow the heat to escape when needed, sometimes in conjunction with electric fans but mainly by convection and radiation.

Electric heating systems utilise wireless thermostats to provide the most flexible control over heating.

Thermostats also allow heating engineers to split the heating within a house into zones (either a room or number of rooms) which can have their own distinct temperature and time programme.

Brands that are Popular in the UK

The most popular brands in the UK include Dimplex, Fischer Future Heat, Creda, Elnur, Newlec and Sunhouse. Of these Dimplex is probably the biggest manufacturer supplying a large range of electrical heating products across the World.

Creda has a wide range of advanced storage heating systems with a reputation amongst consumers for efficiency, style, flexibility and innovation.

Newer brands to the UK include Fischer Future Heat, a leading German manufactured electric storage radiator brand which boasts a unique 40mm chammote clay core which allows it to heat up faster and retain heat for longer than other similar slim line storage heaters.

Why Install Slimline Electric Radiators?

Many people still consider electricity an expensive energy source for heating, however the rising cost of oil and gas, and the increasing efficiency of electric heating equipment, is making it a cheaper option.

The cost of energy for different heating systems is only part of the true running cost. The real cost of a heating system is a combination of the original capital and installation cost, the annual fuel cost, maintenance costs and the operational lifetime of the system.

Taking all these factors into account make electric heating a more economical option that traditional gas and oil heating.

All About Electric Bikes With Electric Bike Store

For many cyclists the thought of using an electric bike is simply cheating, defeating the whole object of why they own and use a bike. But for some, an electric bike is exactly what they need to get them to start commuting or becoming more active. Here is the beginners guide to electric bikes:

What Is An Electric Bike?

An electric bike, sometimes called an e-bike, pedelec or power-assisted bicycle, uses an electric motor fitted to the bike which creates extra propulsion. The power generated is stored in a battery pack attached to the bike which is recharged through the mains. The motor assists the users pedaling making it easier to go uphill or cycle into a headwind, helping you cycle further and easier than on a regular bike.

Why Do I Need An Electric Bike?

For cyclists who are very fit and enjoy using their normal bike regularly there are not many clear advantages. For everyone else, electric bikes can offer many advantages including making hills much easier to deal with, it gets you there quicker and allows you to wear whatever you want without sweating. They also let you carry more around with you and allow you to ride further and faster than on a normal bike. This in turn will give you more control and confidence when cycling on the road.

What Types Of Bikes Are There?

There are two main types of electric bike; the most common is what is now known as the pedelec. This type of system monitors the riders pedaling and automatically adds the required amount of motor assistance depending on pedal rate, force and bike speed.

The other kind is called twist-n-go, which is where a switch is used by the rider to activate the motor. They work with either a simple on/off switch or a twist grip system, which uses the handle bars to operate. Current regulations only permit the twist-n-go assistance to be delivered if the system detects the rider is pedaling.

How Legal Are They?

The law in the UK requires electric bicycles to reduce the power supplied by the motor as the bike’s speed approaches 15mph. This doesn’t prevent you to go even faster, it just has to be with your own legs as the motor switches off once you hit top speed. The minimum age to ride an electric bike is 14, preventing younger children from causing any accidents. The bike also has to weigh less then 40kg, still have pedals for manual control and must cut the power to the motor as soon as the brakes are applied.

If you would like to find out any more information about electric bikes, please have a look at Electric Bike. They offer a wide range of electric bikes, as well as a great selection of electric bike accessories. You can try any of their bikes at one of their safe, traffic free test tracks in London and Buckinghamshire, where experienced staff will be available to ask any questions you may have. For more information call 020 7378 4728.

Electric Stove – The Charm of the Electric Stove Fire

Electric stove fires offer all the warmth, charm and cosiness of wood fires along with some great benefits. These stylish and efficient appliances create a focal point for your living room without any of the hassle of installation and fuss of operation that other fuels demand. Here’s your guide to getting the best electric stove for your needs.

If you appreciate convenience, you’ll love electric stove fires as they’re freestanding and don’t require installation. Suitable for use as standalone units or within a surround, just plug them into an available electrical socket and they’re ready to go. You can move your stove around easily within your home and take it with you if you move. Unlike a bulky space heater, an electric stove fire will look beautiful wherever you put it in your house. Perfect if you’re living in rented or temporary accommodation.

Another huge plus is that you don’t need a chimney. So if you live in a home that can’t have a chimney installed, an electric fire is your best choice. An example here would be if you lived in an apartment or if you lived in a rented house where you weren’t allowed to make structural changes to the building. However, you might like to add a dummy flue for appearances and get all the ambiance of a roaring wood fire without any of the fuss or mess. What’s even better is that not having a chimney results in efficiency as heat is not lost up the flue.

Another big plus is the ease and convenience of use and maintenance. If you want a warm cosy house without the fuss and bother of having to add fuel, empty ashes and frequently monitor your fire, an electric stove is for you.

Operating your electric stove fire is a snap. You control everything by accessing buttons on a control panel which you can conceal for appearances. Just set your thermostatic controls to give your chosen temperature. Or you could use an infrared touch sensitive remote control pad to allow you to adjust the temperature and other settings from the comfort of your sofa or easy chair.

And on autumn nights you can set your electric fire to just give a flame effect without producing any heat. Perfect for creating a cosy ambiance and focal point when the nights are drawing in but it’s not yet time to turn on the heating.

Other than convenience, electric stove fires bring a delightful sense of style to your home. Modern electric stoves are produced using traditional materials such as cast iron and with classic or modern styles but use CAD to maximize form and efficiency.

Owing to the heaviness of cast iron, these stoves heat up slowly and give off heat of an even temperature. They are the most controllable. Steel stoves heat up quickly which is great if you want to warm up a room fast. Plus steel is more elastic that casts iron which makes it more durable and damage resistant. A nice option is to get one made from stainless steel with cast iron effect.

Most stoves contain hand-painted logs and an imitation heat bed to create the feeling of having a real fire. You can adjust this log flame motion effect to your liking.

When it comes to buying an electric stove fire, you should consider the size and heating output necessary to heat your room. Most fires feature outputs of 1-2 kilowatts. As a rough guide, multiply the room’s length (in metres) by the width and the height. If you then divide this figure by 14, you will get the kW required to comfortably heat your room. (Add 1kW to the total for every single glazed window and take away 1kW for every radiator in the room).

You shouldn’t buy a stove with an output too high for your size of room as you’d have to run your heater at a low output resulting in lowered efficiency.

Next you’ll need to consider the style of stove you want. It has to be appropriate for your existing decor. Most electric stoves are black which means they can fit into any colour scheme.

The best way to get an overall view of the wide range of electric stove fires available is to visit the web sites of online dealers and browse their illustrated catalogues. You can choose the style you like and get full details including prices and delivery times. Most dealers offer free delivery to a UK address for orders over a certain amount.

Kathryn Dawson writes articles for Harridge Stoves Direct, a friendly family-run establishment and a leading stockist supplying all small electric stove in the UK. Choose from brands such as Broseley and Villager, from 1kW to 6kW for electric stove fires in your home or apartment. Get high quality electric stove fire professionally delivered to your house by the companys own vans and drivers. Find information on stove fittings and also a heating output calculator on the website.

A Shoppers Guide To Buying – Electric Shower

The advantage of an electric shower is its ability to save you electricity when heating water. The electric shower will heat the water from your cold water source on its own, without the aid of your home’s water heater

Electric shower are catching on slowly in the UK and worldwide markets, but they are around for a reason. Many cannot afford to keep up with the rising cost of using hot water from their homes’ traditional water heaters, and electronic shower provides an affordable, common sense solution. Most of these units allow you to adjust the settings on your electric shower to allow some of the cold water to run through your unit unfiltered. Most of these types of showers have three settings, letting you adjust the temperature to your liking.

It is best to have a professional install your electric shower once you’ve purchased it, as it will involve connecting several of your shower’s plumbing fixtures in such a way as to allow the cold water source to run through the unit’s heating mechanism, and to avoid leaks. A well designed electronic shower will allow you to easily clean the shower head by simply rubbing it clean with a sponge and a mild abrasive. Most units on the market are durable and inexpensive, and many come with a two year warranty for total satisfaction and peace of mind. The savings you will accumulate each year depend on your municipality or electricity costs, but most agree that the amount of money wasted each year on heating water can more than justify the purchase of an alternative solution like an electric shower. These are not brand new products; however, they have been on the market long enough for people to decide how well they work, and when you realise what an investment it is over the long run, you’ll see that these units largely pay for themselves.

Electric showers and mixer showers, which mix the availability of hot and cold water to suit your desired temperature, may be viewed by some as a novelty, but user reviews and feedback have demonstrated that these are valuable and useful products. They would make an ideal wedding gift or stocking filler for Christmas, due to their low price and relative availability at your local DIY store.

When considering buying one of these units, you should compare brands and find out which ones have the best track record of durability and quality. Cheaper units may leak or even damage your plumbing, but those with real quality will be worth the investment. Name brands like Triton and Kohler are almost always worth the money you spend, as demonstrated by the overwhelming positive feedback from consumers and those who have tested these products for defects and durability. The real money to be made is by you reducing the costs of heating your water the old-fashioned way.

Company Profile:

Screwfix is the UK’s largest direct and online supplier of trade tools, accessories and hardware products. With over 30 years’ experience in the industry, we despatch tens of thousands of parcels every week for next day and weekend delivery to tradesmen, handymen and serious DIY enthusiasts all over the UK.

To view the full range of electric shower from Screwfix please visit the website here – www.screwfix.com

What is the most efficient type of electric cooker

winter fuel payment. He has finally persuaded them to buy a new and more efficient cooker as part of their kitchen renovation. “>It is often said that an average kitchen produces double the pollution of a car at full throttle on the road. This is because our kitchens are full of appliances that consume a lot of power and emit toxins into the atmosphere. If you are shopping for a cooker, we urge you to consider only energy efficient ones, which come with a Green Star or an Energy Star mark, depending on whether you live in the USA or UK. Energy efficient cookers

Most energy efficient cookers are rated from A to G, where A means high energy efficiency and G means low energy efficiency. Though A rated products are difficult to obtain and expensive, settling for a B or C wouldn’t be too bad considering the fact that you can still save a lot of energy, therefore money, in the process.

However, the most efficient cookers are induction cookers that rely on electromagnetic coils to heat up and cook food. If you have a slow cooker, you have a doubly efficient product at home. Induction stove tops and ovens are also great energy efficient appliances that help you reduce the carbon footprint at home on a huge level. They are expensive, yes, but think of the money you’d save with your monthly utility bills; the initial outlay can reap great long term benefits.

Each manufacturer will have their own stats to show you regarding the energy efficiency of their product, so it is tough to come up with general numbers. You would have to research the market in depth and come up with low energy cookers within your budget and catering to your requirements. If you do not know where to begin searching for efficient electric cookers, you could refer to the Ethical Consumer Magazine for more listings, buyer guides, and product reviews which are easily available to view online.

Ways to save energy despite having an energy inefficient electric cooker: Congratulations! You have finally decided to get yourself an energy efficient electric cooker. What next? How do you ensure you actually save energy with your cooker? Follow these steps. 1.Do not keep the door open for too long. The more you check what’s cooking inside, the more time it’ll take for the food to cook, and the more the thermal equilibrium would be disturbed. Therefore, energy would be wasted in the process. 2.Do not try fitting in oversized pans and pots into your cooker. Huge pans require a lot of heat and space, which lowers the efficiency down to several notches. 3.Make sure you buy self-maintenance cookers that can clean themselves with ease. This would mean the cooker is insulated and therefore uses less heat and energy when compared to standard cookers. 4.Moreover, stacker pans are great utensils to use in cookers. These pans conserve energy and heat and cook food at a much faster rate than separate pans. You can conserve energy and save money this way. Shop around to find the best, most energy efficient electric cooker within your budget; you can save a packet in energy costs over the lifetime of the cooker.

Sam, the author, has parents who qualify for a winter fuel payment. He has finally persuaded them to buy a new and more efficient cooker as part of their kitchen renovation.

Electric Heating – Because Not All Homes Have Gas

For the majority of homeowners in the UK, connection to the main gas grid is something that is taken for granted. Moreover, where gas is available, wet system central heating generally follows. However, what about the homes and people that do not have access to mains gas – what do they do?

According to the government, small modern properties are the least likely to have a gas connection and statistics show that 41 per cent of purpose built flats and 31 per cent of converted flats have no gas meter. And it’s not just flats without gas; a significant percentage of bungalows and detached houses are without a gas supply, while around 10 per cent of semi-detached, end and mid-terrace houses in the UK are also off the gas grid. Fortunately, not having a gas supply does not mean not having heating and, if you are considering moving into a property without a gas meter, electric heating is the perfect solution.

Electric Heaters

Electric heating is most commonly associated with storage heaters that can be plugged in to provide heat when you need it. These storage heaters are still very useful in heating homes; however, more comprehensive digital panel heaters, which allow heating to be controlled via a built-in thermostat and control panel, are slowly becoming more popular.

Homeowners that prefer the conventional look of ‘wet’ system radiators can also benefit from electric heating thanks to Electrical Heating Supplies’ range of plug-in radiators. These are designed to look and perform in the same way as traditional water-circulating radiators and are available in a wide range of size and power output options to accommodate any room in a property.

Electric boilers

Electric and digital radiators are brilliant at providing the heat you need, but what about hot water for showering? That problem is solved by the EHS range of electric boilers. Using the same wiring as an electric shower, these boilers require none of the pipework of a gas central heating system installation (standard radiators and valves can be used if required), run more efficiently, and emit none of the noxious fumes that are common with gas.

Electric boilers come in a range of options to suit your heating/water and space needs, they are also cheaper to buy and can be fitted much quicker than their gas counterparts.

Do not let a lack of a gas supply put you off moving into a home, visit our site today and go electric.

Varieties Of Hybrid Electric Bikes

Many people might not have the idea about what a Hybrid electric bike is. These are just cycles which are framed for general utility purpose as well as for traveling on various kinds of surfaces. These surfaces may be of any type and may include the following:

1.They can be paved or unpaved roads
2.Grassy or Unpaved paths
3.Trails.

The Hybrid electric bike has a mixture of qualities of the road bikes, mountain bikes etc. It has become very popular in today’s era because of its convenience.
A few of hybrid bikes from different varieties have been listed below:

Folding bike: Commuters can ride regular bicycles and can absolutely get the job done, but aren’t these comparatively clumsy and heavy? The solution is Electric folding bike that can be easily folded and put wherever you find it suitable when not in use.

Commuter Bike: The commuter bike is specially designed for commuting short or long distances. Well equipped commuter bikes have carrier racks, full fenders besides front and rear lights to provide comfortable vision from dawn till dusk.

City Bike: It is very similar to the above. It has been evolved basically keeping in mind the city roads. Normally it has wheels designed like the wheels of mountain bikes and constructed to provide strength yet being lightweight. It can easily handle the troubles of the city streets, be it a pothole or drainage shreds.

Comfort bike: It has a customized frame of mountain bike and smooth and sleek tires. You also get upright riding position. Having front suspension along with wide plush saddles adds up in its qualities.

Cross bike: It is designed for general tours and also utility purposes. They are meant for average off-pavement use and are light weight too. The wheels are as large as 700c perform really smooth and fast on the paved surfaces. They are extremely good for long trips or tours.

Electric motorbike UK is also a form of hybrid bike which is very beneficial in various ways. They are eco-friendly because they work on battery. No harmful gases are emitted and therefore no harm to environment is caused. They can also be called a good fitness machine because they make people exercise and keep them fit as it includes working out with your muscles at the time of biking. They are user friendly and affordable too.

Slimline Electric Storage Radiators for Heating

Slim line electric storage heaters are increasingly being seen as a real alternative to traditional gas and oil central heating systems. This article aims to explain how they work and the pros and cons of using them.

Inside a Slim Line Electric Heater

Unlike traditional hot water radiators, an electric storage radiator contains heat retaining material – usually a clay/ metal composite. This material is connected by a series of electric elements. When the elements are switched on, the clay material absorbs the heat and heats up

The heat retaining material is insulated and can retain the heat for approximately fifteen hours, so the heaters can release the heat the following day after heating up overnight.

Standard electric radiators do not have the heat retaining clay material and insulation. But this does allow them to have a greater variety of shapes and sizes.

Designs and Materials

Modern design and materials have greatly increased the range of slim line electric radiators that are available today. Contemporary slim line radiators are usually finished with top quality aluminium and are truly slim, with some being only 60mm deep.

They also come in a variety of dimensions making them ideal for fitting into existing rooms, such as the small spaces commonly found in conservatories, kitchens and bathrooms.

But many other designs are available, including traditional and classically styled multiple column designs constructed in cast iron. However, these do not have the ability to store heat and take advantage of cheap overnight electricity tariffs.

How are Electric Storage Radiators Controlled?

Depending on the type of heater, different vents and flaps allow the heat to escape during times when heating is required, sometimes with the aid of fans but mainly by convection and radiation.Electronic controls regulate the timing of when the heater stores and then releases the heat

Electric heating systems utilise wireless thermostats to provide the most flexible control over heating.

Thermostats also allow heating engineers to split the heating within a house into zones (either a room or number of rooms) which can have their own distinct temperature and time programme.

Popular UK Brands

The most popular brands in the UK include Dimplex, Fischer Future Heat, Creda, Elnur, Newlec and Sunhouse. Of these Dimplex is probably the biggest manufacturer supplying a large range of electrical heating products across the World.

Creda is another popular brand and is a leader in storage heaters for homes and commercial environments. Creda has a wide range of advanced storage heating systems with a reputation amongst consumers for efficiency, style, flexibility and innovation.

Newer brands to the UK include Fischer Future Heat, a leading German manufactured electric storage radiator brand which boasts a unique 40mm chammote clay core which allows it to heat up faster and retain heat for longer than other similar slim line storage heaters.

Why Install Slimline Electric Storage Radiators?

The cost of energy for different heating systems is only part of the true running cost. The real cost of a heating system is a combination of the original capital and installation cost, the annual fuel cost, maintenance costs and the operational lifetime of the system.

Taking all these factors into account make electric heating a more economical option that traditional gas and oil heating.